The woman and the care of her health according to age
That is why during National Women’s Health Week, which is celebrated from May 13 to 19, the Office of Women’s Health (OWH) of the Department of Health and Human Services of the United States urges and encourages all to take an active and conscious action of the preventive care of their health, from the beginning of the decade of the 20’s, to enjoy the rest of the life of good health.
What should be done in each decade
In a rough way, these are the precautions and preventive exams that every woman must take into account in each stage:
In the 20’s
During this stage, despite being in perfect health, the recommendation is to have an annual preventive medical check-up, particularly if you have an active sex life.
If you have it, you should ask the gynecologist for tests that detect sexually transmitted diseases and the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is responsible for the development of cervical cancer. You should also ask about the various methods you have to prevent pregnancy and have safe sex.
In the 30’s
From the age of 30, when you are in full reproductive age, you should start-or continue taking-multivitamins or just folic acid, which prevents neural tube defects, that is, problems that may arise in the brain or spinal cord.
Likewise, according to the new protocols for women’s health, gynecological visits must be followed with discipline in order to have Pap tests and pelvic examinations, as well as being in line with the self-examination of the breasts to detect any abnormality that may alert the presence of breast cancer.
In this decade, according to the mother’s medical history, some women are recommended to have an early mammogram and start having it annually.
If you do not have an exercise routine, you should start it. It is recommended to have at least 30 minutes a day of physical activity.
In the 40’s
As from this decade, you must have an annual mammogram and as the metabolism slows down, it is important to start making changes in the diet, ingesting more fresh foods (rich in antioxidants and vitamins ), as well as low-fat proteins and preferably from grains and white meats.
In the final years of this decade, some women begin to feel the symptoms of premenopause and, in some, possible cardiovascular conditions. Therefore, it is important to listen to the warning messages the body gives and to visit a cardiologist, especially if you have a family history of these types of conditions.
In the 50’s and more
- On average, most women begin menopause in this decade, so it is important to talk with the gynecologist about the different treatments to reduce hot flushes and vaginal dryness that can prevent the enjoyment of a full sexual life.
- At this age, urinary incontinence is common, so you should discuss the issue with your doctor to receive the appropriate treatment for your case.
- At this stage of life, it is recommended to have a colonoscopy to detect colorectal cancer. Also, many women may have urinary incontinence to varying degrees. Do not worry, it is perfectly treatable if you go to the specialist.
- Likewise, it is recommended to have the bone densitometry test that diagnoses osteoporosis. And to prevent it you should raise the dose of calcium, which should be taken in combination with vitamin D and magnesium.
- Physical activity is vital at this stage of life to maintain healthy bone and muscle structure.
- On the other hand, it is advisable to intensify the intellectual activities (reading, learning a new language or take classes of any kind) and enrolls in brain exercise programs.
- At 50, routine blood pressure, cholesterol, sugar, and any irregular spot or spot checks on the skin are also important.
- From the age of 50 or 60, the doctor may recommend receiving the influenza vaccine every year, especially if you suffer from a chronic disease or your immune system is compromised by a condition.
- After 65, some will be recommended to receive shingles and pneumococcal vaccines to prevent diseases such as pneumonia and meningitis.
- The sedentary lifestyle should be avoided even more from the 50s to prevent cardiovascular problems, obesity, and mobility.